By Erin Scwhager

Title IX at 50: How girls sports changed through the years


In 1972, Congress passed Title IX, part of the education amendments of 1972, and President Richard Nixon signed it into law.

Prior to its passage, few opportunities were available female athletes. In 1972, approximately 30,000 women participated in collegiate athletics. High school programs weren’t much different. According to, 295,000 girls participated in high school sports in 1972.

Title IX was established to correct imbalances between women’s and men’s athletics.

Now, more than 2.6 million females participate in sports at the high school and collegiate levels.

How has...

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